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On attaining Independence from the British in August 1947, India had to surrender quite a lot of its northern territories for formation of Pakistan, Punjab was also split into two parts with Lahore its biggest city going to Pakistan. Then a need to create a new capital for Punjab led to many options but the most suitable one was creating a new modern city as the capital. This proposal was selected by the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. A Swiss born French architect Le Corbusier was commissioned to design a new city Chandigarh as the capital of Punjab. Later in the year 1966 Haryana state was created from the eastern portions of Punjab. Chandigarh was at the border of both Punjab and Haryana hence it was made a union territory and appointed as the capital for both the states.
Guntur is a city and municipal corporation in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It also serves as head quarter of the district of the same name. Guntur gets its earliest recorded reference from the Indren plate of Ammaraja the Vengi Chalukyan king who ruled the region during 922 to 929 CE. The city also gets its reference in the inscriptions which date back to 1147 and 1158 CE. Garthpuri was the original Sanskrit name of Guntur. Agasthyeswara Sivalayam is temple of Shiva situated in the old city of Guntur. The temple is most famous temple in Guntur and houses inscriptions in Naga scripts which dates back to 1100 CE.
After the arrival of Europeans, Guntur rose to prominence. In 1752 the French moved their head quarter from Kondavid Fort to Guntur and established their settlement there. This settlement later on formed the center of modern city. Nizam and Haider Ali ruled Guntur and surrounding region until 1778 when the region came under the rule of British. Guntur was made a district which was abolished in 1859 only to be reconstituted again in 1904. The city witnessed the railway track being laid in 1890 under the British rule. British continued to rule Guntur until the independence of India in Aug-1947. Post independence era witnessed large scale development in the city. Guntur is at present the fourth largest city of Andhra Pradesh.
History of Kota
Kota, formerly known as Kotah, is prominent city in Indian state of Rajasthan. Situated on the Chambal River, the city of Kota was once the princely city in the region. During 12th century the region was under Rao Deva who belonged to Hada clan. Rao Deva was the chieftain of that community. It was Rao Deva who later brought the surrounding territory under his control and established the Budi and Hadoti and thus Kota and the surrounding region became the main place of ruling for Bhill communities. Later on the chieftain of Hada community lost to Bundi ruler Jait Sigh.
During the early 17th century the Mughal Emperor Jahangir handed over Kota to Madho Singh the son of Rao Ratan Singh and thereafter Kota came to be known as an independent state. Under the rule of Madho Singh, Kota grew large in area and became richer and more powerful. Maharao Bhim Singh who was holding the Mansab of five thousands and was the first one in the dynasty to have been honored with the name Maharao played a vital role in the history of Kota. Later on Kota came under the control of the British who continued to rule it until Aug-1947 when India got independence.